रज़ा फ़ाउण्डेशन की वेबसाइट पर आपका स्वागत हैं।

SAYED HAIDER RAZA

22.02.1922- 23.07.2016

Sayed Haider Raza was one of India’s greatest icons of modern and contemporary art. A founder of the enormously influential Progressive Artists group, he combined western abstraction with Indian visual traditions and helped to create a uniquely Indian style of contemporary art.

Education:

S H Raza was born in Babaria, Madhya Pradesh on 22 February 1922. He finished high school from Damoh in Madhya Pradesh and then enrolled in the Nagpur School of Arts where he studied art until 1943 when he was awarded a scholarship to attend the Sir J. J. School of Art in Bombay. In 1950 Mr. Raza went to Paris on a 2 years French government scholarship to study at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris.

Journey:

In 1946, Mr. Raza held his first solo show at the Bombay Art Society Salon. In 1947, he cofounded the Progressive Artists group in Bombay, along with other artists including F. N. Souza and K. N. Ara. The group set out to break free from the influences of European realism in Indian art and bring an Indian inner vision (antar gyan) into Indian art. The group had its first show in 1948, shortly before Raza left for France. After completing his studies at the Ecole Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts, he travelled across Europe and then settled down in Paris where he lived and exhibited his work until 2010 when he moved back to India.

Once in France, Raza continued to experiment with currents of western modernism, moving from expressionist modes towards greater abstraction and eventually incorporating elements of tantric visual forms from Indian scriptures. Whereas his fellow contemporaries dealt with more figural subjects, Raza chose to focus on landscapes in the 1940s and 50s, inspired in part by the move to France. One of his significant works during his early Paris years is “Village with Church”(1958). He became the first non-French artist to be awarded the prestigious Prix de la Critique in 1956. Over time he moved from the expressionist mode towards greater abstraction and began to incorporate an Indian vision and Indian ethnography into his works. Numerous visits to India and an urge to forge a new artistic direction brought forth the abstract concept of Bindu which, according to him, is the center of creation and existence. After the introduction of Bindu he added newer dimensions to his thematic oeuvre in the following decades. With the inclusion of themes around the Tribhuj (Triangle), which visualized the Indian concepts of space and time, as well as that of Prakriti-Purusha (the female and the male energy), his transformation from an expressionist to a master of abstraction, was complete.

In his long career, Raza has held several solo and group exhibitions in India and abroad. Some of the exhibitions include Biennale de Venice, 1956; Biennale de Menton, 1964, 66, 68, 72 & 76; Biennale du Moroc, Rabat, 1963; Biennale, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal, 1986; Bienniale of Havana, 1987; Jane Woorhese Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey, 2002; Swasti, NGMA, New Delhi, 2007. His important works include Saurashtra, Shanti Bindu, La Terre and Gestation.

Social Contributions:

Even when he was living in France Raza always felt deeply concerned about the struggles of young Indian artists and the inadequate opportunities for them to achieve their full potential. On his almost annual sojourns to India, he would always find time and energy to meet young artists and see and discuss their works. He never forgot the hard times he and other artist (M. F. Husain, F. N. Souza, H. A. Gade, S. K. Bakre and Krishnaji Ara) had when they were young and putting together the path-breaking Progressive Artists Group.

In 2001, Raza created the Raza Foundation to support young artists in India. It began by granting awards to promising Indian artists, beginning with two awards annually, one in visual arts and one in poetry. The awards were later expanded to cover classical music and classical dance as well. Each award carries a sum of Rs. one lakh and a citation. Some of the best, the most innovative and daring artists, poets, musicians and dancers have been recipients of these highly coveted and prestigious awards.

Awards and Recognitions:

The government of India recognized the contributions of Raza Sahab by conferring on him the Padma Shri in 1981, the Padma Bhushan in 2007 and the Padma Vibhushan in 2013. He was a recipient of Prix de la Critique (1956); the Rajkeeya Samman and Kalidas Samman (Government of Madhya Pradesh, 1978 & 1997); he was a Fellow of the Lalit Kala Akademi and Officier de L’Ordre Des Arts et des Lettres (Government of France, 2002). In 1962, he became a visiting lecturer at the University of California in Berkeley. In 2015 he was conferred the highest French civilian honour, the Commandeur de la Legion d'honneur (Commander of the Legion of Honour). He was awarded D.Lit (Hanoris Causa) by Indira Kala Sangeet Vishwavidyalaya, Khairagarh, Chhatisgarh (2014) and Shiv Nadar University, Greater Noida, Uttar Pradesh (2015).

Exhibitions

Select Solo Exhibitions

2017       Gandhi in Raza, India Habitat Centre and Akar Prakar Art Advisory, New Delhi

2016       Nirantar,  Art Musings, Mumbai; Vadhera Art Gallery, New Delhi; Akar Prakar, Kolkata

2015       Aarambh @ 93, Art Musings, Mumbai; Vadhera Art Gallery, New Delhi; Akar Prakar, Kolkata

2014       Pyaas, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2013       Shabd Bindu, Akar Prakar, Kolkata

2013       Antardhwani, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2012       Vistaar, Art Musings & Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

2012       Bindu Vistar, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2011       Punaragaman, Vadehra Art Gallery & Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

2010       Raza Ceramiques, Galerie Flora J, Paris

2010       Galerie Patrice Trigano, Paris

2010       RL Fine Arts, New York

2010       Akar Prakar, Kolkata

2010       Recent Works, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2007       Raza – A Retrospective, Saffron Art, New York in association with Berkeley Square Gallery

2007       Celebrating 85 Years of Living Legend S.H. Raza, a Traveling Exhibition at Hong Kong, Singapore,      

                 Dubai, Mumbai, New Delhi organized by Aryan Art Gallery, New Delhi

2006       Selected Works of S.H. Raza, Peter Louis Gallery, Paris

2006       Rang Ras, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2006       Germinating Tidal Waves, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2006       Metamorphosis, Aryan Art Gallery, Mumbai, Delhi and Hong Kong

2005       Saffronart Gallery, New York; Berkeley Square Gallery, London 

2005       Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2004       Japa, Art Musings, Mumbai

2004       Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

2002       Jehangir Art Gallery, Apparao Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1999       Gallery Art 54, New York

1997       Avartan, National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi

1997       Le Parcons du regard, Oletta, Corsica, France

1997       Galleri Grewal Mohanjeet, Paris

1997       Roopankar Museum of Fine Arts, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal

1997       Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

1997       National Gallery of Modern Art, Delhi

1994       L’Artheque d’Enterprise, Group Michel Ferrier, Echirolle, Grenoble

1992       Jehangir Nicholson Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai

1992       Parcours Des Arts, La Louvesc, France

1991       Galerie Eterso, Cannes

1991       Retrospective: 1952-91, Palais Carnles, Musee de Menton, France

1990       Gallery Chemould, Bombay

1988       Gallery Chemould, Bombay; Galleri Koloritten, Stavanger, Norway

1987       La Tête de L’Art, Grenoble

1985       Galerie Pierre Parat, Paris

1984       Gallery Chemould, Bombay

1982       Galerie Leob, Bern, Switzerland

1982       Galerie JY Noblet, Grenoble

1980       Galleriet, Oslo

1979       Stavanger Kunstforening, Norway

1978       Jehangir Nicholson Museum, National Centre for Performing Arts, Mumbai

1978       Utsav, Madhya Pradesh Kala Parishad, Bhopal

1977       La Tête de L’Art, Grenoble

1976       Jehangir Art Gallery, Gallery Chemould, Mumbai; Stavanger Kunstforening Galerie, Norway

1975       Galleria Matuzia, San Remo, Italy

1974       La Palette, Trouville

1972       Abbaye du Pommier, Anncy, Le Grenier, Roquebrune Village

1969       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1968       Tecta Galerie, Dusseldorf, Germany; Gallery Chemould, Mumbai

1967       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1964       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1963-6    Dom Galerie, Cologne, Germany

1962       Worth Ryder Art Gallery, Berkeley, University of California, California, USA

1962       Lanyon Gallery, Palo Alto, California

1962       Galerie Dresdnere, Montreal

1962-68  Galerie Dresdnere, Toronto

1962       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1961       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1959       Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

1959       Galerie Dresdnere, Montreal

1959       All India Fine Arts and Crafts Society, New Delhi

1958       Galerie Lara Vincy, Paris

1958       Jehangir Art Gallery, Bombay

1950       Charles Petras’s Institute of Foreign Languages, Mumbai

1947-48  Bombay Art Society, Bombay

 Select Group Exhibitions

2012   Synergy 2012, 12th Anniversary Show, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2012   Crossings: Time Unfolded, Part 2, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi

2012   Contemporary: A Selection of Modern and Contemporary Art, Sakshi Gallery at The Park, Chennai

2012   Through the Ages: South Asian Sculpture and Painting from Antiquity to Modernism, Aicon Gallery, New York

2012   Sightings, Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai

2011   Resonance, Art Musings, Mumbai

2011   Time Unfolded, Kiran Nadar Museum of Art (KNMA), New Delhi

2011   Miniscule Marvel, Contemplate at Gallery BMB, Mumbai

2011   Roots in the Air, Branches Below: Modern and Contemporary Art from India, San Jose Museum of Art, San Jose

2011   Adbhutam: Rasa in Indian Art, Centre of International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

2011   Manifestations VI, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2011   Manifestations V, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2011   The Path of the Lotus: Indian Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2011   Modern Masters, Aicon Gallery, New York

2011   Form and Formlessness, Art Alive Gallery, Gurgaon

2011   POP: Progressives on Paper, Aicon Gallery, New York

2011   Anecdotes, Sakshi Gallery, Mumbai

2011   Masterclass, Dhoomimal Art Gallery, New Delhi

2011   Continuum, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2011   Ethos V: Indian Art Through the Lens of History (1900 to 1980), Indigo Blue Art, Singapore

2011   India Art Festival, Nehru Centre, Mumbai presented by Akar Prakar, Kolkata

2010   Besides Paris, Birla Academy of Art and Culture, Kolkata

2010   Paper Trail, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010   The Progressives & Associates, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2010   From Miniature to Modern: Traditions in Transition, Rob Dean Art, London in association with

            Pundole Art Gallery, Mumbai

2010   Above and Beyond, Aicon Gallery, London

2010  Masters of Maharashtra, collection from Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi at Piramal Gallery,

           National Centre for the Performing Arts (NCPA), Mumbai

2010  Evolve: 10th Anniversary Show, Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2010  Manifestations IV, Delhi Art Gallery, New Delhi

2010   Roots, 25th Anniversary Exhibition, Sakshi Art Gallery, Mumbai at The Park, Chennai

2009 -10 Master Class, The Arts Trust, Mumbai

2009     Armory Show, presented by Vadehra Art Gallery in New York

2009     Bharat Ratna! Jewels of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

2009       Indian Art After Independence, Selected Works from the Collections of Virginia & Ravi Akhoury,                    

              Shelley & Donald Rubin’, Emily Lowe Gallery, Hampstead

2009       In Search of the Vernacular, Aicon Gallery, New York

2009      Think Small, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi

2009       Progressive to Altermodern: 62 Years of Indian Modern Art, Grosvenor Gallery, London

2008       Harvest 2008, presented by Arushi Arts at The Stainless Gallery, New Delhi

2008-09 Modern India, presented by Institut Valencia d’Art Modern (IVAM) and Casa Asia in collaboration   with the Ministry of Culture, Valencia, Spain

2008       Modern and Contemporary Indian Art, Vadehra Art Gallery, New Delhi

2008       Freedom 2008: Sixty Years After Indian Independence, Centre for International Modern Art,     

              (CIMA), Kolkata

2008       Magnificent Seven, Art Alive Gallery, New Delhi

2007-08 From Everyday to the Imagined: Modern Indian Art, Singapore Art Museum, Singapore &

                Museum of Art Seoul National University, Seoul

2007       India Art Now: Between Continuity and Transformation, Province of Milan, Milan, Italy

2006       Indian Art I/III: The Moderns Revisited, Grosvenor Vadehra, London

2005       Resonance, Art Musings, Mumbai

2005       Art India, New York

2005       Ashta Nayak: Eight Pioneers of Indian Art, Aicon Gallery, New York

2004       Aryan Art Gallery, Delhi

2003       Des duos et des couples, Aixen Provence, France (with Pablo Picasso and Francoise Gillot)

2002       Art Musings, Mumbai

2002       Tao Art Gallery, Mumbai

2002       Jane Woorhese Zimmerli Art Museum, New Jersey

2002       Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

2001       Modern Indian Art, Saffronart and Pundole Art Gallery, Metropolitan Pavilion, New York

2001       Indian Contemporary Fine Art, Saffronart & Apparao Galleries, Los Angeles

2001       Symphony in White, Gallery 7, Mumbai

2000       Astha Nayak, Tao Gallery, Mumbai

2000       Cultural Ties, Kapil Jariwala Gallery, London

2000       Arthur M. Sackler Gallery and Smithsonian Freer Gallery of Art, Smithsonian Institute,

               Washington D.C., USA

2000       Fukuoka Asian Art Museum, Fukuoka, Japan

1999       Festival of Contemporary Art, ‘Energy’, Gallery 7, Mumbai

1999       The Turning Point, Jehangir Art gallery, Mumbai

1999       Salar de Mai, Paris

1999       Apparao Galleries, Hong Kong

1999       Apparao Galleries and Gallery Art 54, New York

1999       Timeless Vision: Contemporary Art of India, Peabody Essex Museum, Massachusetts, USA

1998       Harmony Show, Mumbai

1998       Spirit and Soul, Indian Painting Today, Hong Kong

1998       Gegenwatskunst aw Indian, Harsh Goenka, Bayer A.G. Leverkusen, Germany

1998       The Search Within, Kloster Pernegg, Austria

1998       National Gallery of Modern Art, New Delhi & Mumbai

1998       L’Intracable Frontière, Toulouse, France

1998       International Exhibition, Lisbon, Portugal

1997       Indian Contemporary Art, Fine Art Resource, Berlin

1997       An Ode to Independence, Apparao Galleries, London

1997      Tryst with Destiny, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), National Gallery of Modern Art

               (NGMA) Mumbai

1997       Singapore Art Museum

1997       Within The Frame, Apparao Galleries, Hong Kong

1997       The Moderns, The Progressive Artists Group, National Gallery of Modern Art, Mumbai

1997       Souvenir d’en France, Lalit Kala Galleries, Hong Kong

1997       Harmony Show, Nehru Centre, Mumbai

1996       Les Oceans, Metropolitan, Lisbon, Portugal

1996       Contemporary Indian Painting, Sotheby’s, New York

1996       Within The Frame, The Gallery, Chennai, Visual Art Centre Hong Kong

1996       Chamatkar, The Indian Metaphor, Whitleys Art Gallery, London

1995       Contemporary Indian Painting, Christies, London

1995       Sept Peintres Indiens Contemporains, Le Monde de l’Art, Paris

1995       Contemporary Indian Art, Sotheby’s, New York

1995       Festival d’Avignon, Reaching for Each Other, Avignon, France

1995       A Tree in My Life, Village Gallery, Delhi

1994       Salon de Mai, Espace Branley, Paris

1993       Wounds, Centre for International Modern Art (CIMA), Kolkata

1993       Indian Encounter, The Gallery, Nehru Centre, London

1993       Souvenir d’en France, Lalit Kala Galleries, Delhi

1992       International Biennale de dekar, Senegal

1991       State of Art, Paintings with Computer, Jehangir Art Gallery, Mumbai

1991       Ceramics, ‘Faenza Anni 90, Italy

1990       Realite Seconde, Galerie Ariane, Paris

1989       Salon de Mai, Grand Palais, Paris

1989       L’orthothèque d’Enterprise, Groupe Michel Ferrier, Ènchirolle, Grenoble, France

1989       Artistes Indiens á Paris, Galerie Cygne, Paris

1988       Maison de la Culture, Space Andre Malraux, Reims, France

1988       Art for CRY, Bombay, Bangalore, Kolkata, Delhi

1988       The National Museum of Contemporary Art, Olympiad, Seoul, Korea

1987       Indian Contemporary Art, Christies Auction for Help-Age India, Bombay

1987       Biennale of Havana, Cuba

1987       Galerie La tete de L’Art, Grenoble

1987       Coups de Coeur, Halles de L’ille, Geneva, Switzerland

1987       Contemporary Indian Art, Chester Herwitz Family Collection

1987       Festival of India, Grey Gallery, New York

1986       Artistes Indiens en France, Foundation Nationale des Arts Graphiques et Plastiques, Paris

1986       Indian Art Today, The Phillip’s Collection, Washington Biennale, Bharat Bhavan, Bhopal

1985       J.Y. Noblet, Paris

1984       Bibliotheque Nationale, Luxembourg

1983       Salon de Mai, Paris

1982       Contemporary Indian Painting, Royal Academy, London

1982       India, Myth & Reality, Aspects of Modern Indian Art, Museum of Modern Art, Oxford, UK

1981       Charlottenborg, Copenhagen, Denmark

1980       Kunstnere, Fra, Syd- Franksike, Stavanger Kunstforening, Norway

1980       Salon de Dessin, Paris

1978       Pictorial Space, Lalit Kala Akademi, Delhi

1978       Salon de Dessin, Paris

1978       Vieux Presbitaire, Gorbio

1978       L’ Estampe Aujourd’hui’, Bibliotheque Nationale: Paris

1978       Foire Internationale d’Art Contemporian, Grand Palais, Paris

1977       Indiennes, Musee de Vire, Galleri Koloritten Stavanger, Norway

1976       Biennale de Menton, France

1975       Sahel Palais de L’Europe, Menton, France

1974       Lalit Kala Akademi, New Delhi

1974       Premier Salon International d’Art Contemporain, Paris

1974       Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujourd’hui

1973       Estampes Contemporaines, Musee de Menton

1973       Galleria Matuzia, San Remo

1973       Premier Cultural Museum, Pasadena, California

1973       Indian Contemporary Painters, Renwich Gallery, Washington

1973       Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris

1972       Wolfgang-Gurlitt Museum, Linz, Austria

1972       Gallerie d’Arte Pietra, Milan

1972       Salon Grands et Jeunes d’Aujourd ‘hui’, recherché et expression (Ploumanach, Orly, Paris)

1972       Biennale de Menton, realites Nouvelles

1971       Recherche et Expression, Montermell, Art et Fer Blanc, Paris

1968       Terres des Hommes, Festival International, Montreal

1968       Biennale de Menton, France

1968       First Triennale, New Delhi

1967       Silver Jubilee Exhibition of Gallery Chemould, Bombay

1966       Salon Comparisons, Paris

1966       Biennale de Menton, France

1966       Biennale de Menton, France

1965       Promesses Tenues, Musee Galleria, Paris

1965       Realities Nouvelles, Paris

1965       Art Now in India, Newcastle, United Kingdom

1964       Biennale de Menton, France

1963       Biennale du Maroc, Rabat

1963       Grands et Jeunes d’ Aujourd’ hui, Paris,

1963       Salon Comparisons, Paris

1962       Comparisons, Paris

1962       École de Paris 62, Galerie Charpentier, Paris

1962       Werke der École de Paris, dom Galerie, Cologne

1962       Gallery 63, New York

1962       Commonwealth Exhibition, Commonwealth Institute, London

1962       Salon Comparisons, Paris

1961       École de Paris’ 61, Galerie Charpentier, Paris

1961       Galerie Semiha Huber, Zurich

1960       École de Paris

1960       Modern Indian Art, Santiago, Trinidad and Mexico

1960       Galerie Charpentier, Paris

1959       Gallery’59, Bombay

1958       Biennale de Bruges

1958       Biennale de Sao Paulo

1958       John Moores’ Exhibition, Walker Art Gallery, Liverpool

1958       Trends in Contemporary Painting from India, Graham Gallery, New York

1957       Biennale 57, Pavilion de Marsan, Paris

1957       Exhibition organized by the Journal Asia, Tokyo

1957       Transferences, Zwemmer Gallery, London

1956       Biennale de Venice: Les Arts en France et dans le Monde, Museum of Modern Art, Paris

1953       Galerie Raymond Creuze, Paris

1952       Galerie Saint-Placide, Paris

1951       Salon de Mai, Paris

1948       Progressive Artists Group, Bombay

 Joint Exhibitions

2010       Spirit of India, with M.F. Husain, Kings Road Galleries, London

2009       Shanti: A Scream for Peace, with Manish Pushkale, Bugno Art Gallery, Venice

2004       S.H. Raza and Manish Pushkale – Recent Works, Guild Art Gallery, Mumbai

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